The 5 amazing active compounds of Ganoderma lucidum – Triterpenoids and Adenosine

Triterpenoids

Triterpenoids is another major active compound of Ganoderma lucidum. It is the component that contributes to the bitter taste of Ganoderma. There are at least 140 different triterpenoids have been identified in Ganoderma lucidum.

Triterpenoids have been reported to possess significant bioactivity properties such as enhance immune system and also may act as anti-oxidant. The benefits of both properties are clearly discussed in the above. Besides, triterpenoids from Ganoderma also may promote cardiovascular health as it has cholesterol lowering effects and blood pressure lowering effects. Hypertension and hypercholesterolemia are diseases of human civilization due to the stressful and unhealthy sedative lifestyle. The trend is changed now as there are increasing numbers of younger people been diagnosed with these medical conditions whereas it was only common in older people previously. 

Triterpenoids extracted from Ganoderma lucidum also been investigated for its anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. It was found to inhibit histamine release and hence it is especially beneficial to those who suffered from asthma and allergies.

Adenosine

Adenosine is a purine (double-ringed organic compound) nucleoside consists of adenine and ribose. It is one of the nucleotides in DNA and the major molecular component of ADP, AMP and ATP.

Referred to Wikipedia, adenosine is a component that plays important roles in various biochemical processes in human body such as energy transfer and also as inhibitory neurotransmitter on central nervous system.  Generally, adenosine is believed to promote sleepiness and suppress wakefulness. Furthermore, it also been used as anti-arrhythmic agent to treat heart disorders.

In the literatures, studies on adenosine from Ganoderma lucidum reported that it may prevent platelet aggregation. Platelet aggregation is the clumping together of platelet in blood which is part of the sequence of events leading to the formation of clot. Hence, this property of adenosine may help to enhance blood circulation.